Construction project management involves directing and organizing each part of the project life cycle, from ideation to completion. It’s a holistic practice with the goal of delivering projects on time and under budget.
Construction project management is a complex discipline that requires addressing many important concerns, including cost control, scheduling, procurement, and risk assessment. Project managers interact with all team members involved in a construction project, from architects to owners to contractors.
In the construction world, an owner representative (also called an owner's rep) is an industry expert hired by the Owner of a building or facility project to act as the Owner’s advocate and represent their best interests. This can be particularly helpful for projects where the Owner has limited knowledge of design and construction, or lacks the time and resources in-house to effectively fill this role.
There are numerous inherent risks related to the overall development process that can hinder a successful project’s outcome. Owners will often find the project development process daunting because they don’t fully understand where all of the inherent risks exist. All too often project goals are not met, causing the Owner to question their decisions and the abilities of the participants they’ve chosen to work with, and whether they have the Owner’s best interests in mind. Engaging the services of an owner’s representative is the safest way to appropriately manage and mitigate the inherent risks involved in the project development process.
Proper scheduling and planning are critical to any large scale project but when it comes to project recovery planning and timing is everything.
A well designed project recovery plan takes project scheduling, scope of work, financial obligations, resource management, and site details into consideration and then scales out, identifying possible points of failure in order to predict and mitigate risk. Swift and precise action in the face of change is the only way to get your project back on track, and avoid accruing extensive damages.
Cost Management is one of the primary functions of Project Managers. When integrated with the scope/quality of the project and time management, these three functions form the core of Project Management. The cost management function maintains its important focus at every stage throughout the life cycle of a project. In listing the reasons for the success of a project, the management of cost is the most important as all project aspects affect this function. What counts for the owner is the “bottom line.”
The pre-construction phase includes creating a strategic plan for the project, creating a design, securing permits or entitlements, and gathering the labor and resources required for construction. Pre-construction services can provide owners with a formal approach for developing cost, scope, and schedule to execute the construction on time and in control.
The pre-construction phase is critical to a project’s success. It is during this phase that the project team gets organized, aligned in their vision and where the foundation of project communication and process is laid. Without a strong foundation, a construction project can quickly become disorderly, leading to gaps in communication, holes in the process and potential schedule delays.
Document control in construction project management is about managing the technical contracts, manuals, plans and design documents.
Document control in construction project management makes it easier, to manage access, and share key project documents throughout your organization.
Documentation control is the backbone in construction management. You need to have this under control to achieve successful construction project delivery. Improving construction project management document control and workflow ensures you deliver your projects on time. As the complexity of projects grow, you need better transparency for tracking a project’s progress during construction.
In engineering, technical writing helps engineers present essential information in a clear and concise manner. Improving your technical writing will lead to smoother operations within your business, clearer training for employees, and a better business relationship with clients and project stakeholders.
When you work in engineering, writing technical documents is a regular occurrence. This technical documentation helps to progress a project and often represents key deliverables, like a construction work package (CWP) or project engineering plan (PEP).
Technical writers help the process by taking complex and often specialized information and adapting it into a format that is easy to understand. In engineering, technical writing often involves illustrations and tables to organize information in a way that is easy to consume.
Construction estimating is the process of assessing all the costs of a construction project. These costs include direct costs, indirect costs, overhead costs and a profit margin for the general contractor. The purpose of construction estimating is to create a construction estimate, a document that’s used by general contractors when bidding for construction projects.
Construction risk management is the process of evaluating and implementing procedures to reduce the impact of risks in construction projects. This risk management process involves thorough planning to create a risk management plan that allows project managers to identify, monitor and mitigate risks as they arise.
In general, risk is anything that will delay the project or create further costs. There are many sources of risk on a construction site. To create a better risk management plan, it’s essential to know what risks there are, and where they will occur.
Labor management provides labor productivity reporting and planning capabilities. The planning capabilities provide the ability to analyze workforce requirements given a certain amount of work to be performed and a standard unit of time to perform each element of work.
Labor productivity planning capabilities provide the ability to measure and report the performance of individuals, groups or facilities vs. a predefined standard for performing each defined element of work.
A construction schedule is a timeline for every task and event in a construction project. The construction schedule is a fundamental part of the project planning phase, as it also defines the resources needed and the teams responsible for each task in the construction process.
Construction contracts management is the process of negotiating and managing all contract agreements involved in a construction project or company, such as those involving vendors or clients. Contract managers must monitor cost, scope, quality, and time frame and must ensure that all contract conditions are met. This important job affects both the financial and the actual success of the project or company.
The Concept of Renegotiation:
The concept of renegotiation of contract is based on the legal maxim “rebus sic stantibus” (things thus standing); a legal doctrine that allows a contract to become inapplicable because of a fundamental change of circumstances which may warrant revisiting a contract and renegotiating some terms therein. In other words, it helps parties to avoid the effect of the principle of ‘pacta sunt servanda’ on their contract.
Basis for the Renegotiation of Contracts:
Despite the parties' reduction of their full understanding of their transaction in writing, in actual fact, this may be not be the case, especially because parties are unable to predict all the events and conditions that may affect the transaction in the future. To this extent, events which may not have been contemplated such as a sudden fall in commodity prices, the development of a new technology, or unexpected increase in costs may force the parties back to the negotiation table. Indeed, in such circumstances, a party may request renegotiation when it is realizes that the cost of complying with the original contract is adversely greater than the cost of abandonment.
In other words, rather than abandon such contract by reason of frustration, parties have an opportunity to renegotiate the terms of their contracts, and salvage an agreement which has otherwise become onerous or impracticable.
Drone surveying is a multifaceted tool on the worksite. From the data collected during flight, contractors can not only map and measure their site, but also improve collaboration across stakeholders, deliver meaningful reports, and make better, faster decisions as a company.
Design-build is a method of project delivery in which one entity - the design-build team - works under a single contract with the project owner to provide design and construction services. One entity, one contract, one unified flow of work from initial concept through completion. Design-build is also known as design/construct and single-source responsibility. Across the country and around the world, design-build successfully delivers office buildings, schools, stadiums, transportation and water infrastructure projects with superior results.
Design-build is an alternative to design-bid-build. Under the latter approach, design and construction are split - separate entities, separate contracts, separate work.
Building Information Modeling (BIM) is the holistic process of creating and managing information for a built asset. Based on an intelligent model and enabled by a cloud platform, BIM integrates structured, multi-disciplinary data to produce a digital representation of an asset across its lifecycle, from planning and design to construction and operations.
A punch list is a document that lists final work items remaining before a construction project is considered complete. Contractors add to the punch list all work that does not conform to the specifications in the construction contract. Items on a punch list typically include minor corrections, alterations, or repairs that are required before the release of final payment.
Understanding punch lists is crucial for getting paid on a construction project as well as for making sure that work is completed to specification.